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Ernie Deane Papers

 Collection
Identifier: MC 1181

Scope and Content Note

The Ernie Deane Papers include materials related to Arkansas writers, especially Walter Lemke; World War II, including numerous materials pertaining to Maurice "Footsie" Britt and other Arkansas veterans, as well as the University of Arkansas during the war; and other materials pertaining to Arkansas and the University of Arkansas. The collection also includes documents used as evidence and photographs taken during the Nuremberg Trials in 1945-1949; the documents are English translations of the original documents, with a large number pertaining to the use of the press and propaganda in Germany. The collection also includes materials related to Deane's visits to American and NATO armed forces in Europe in 1960 and 1963. Also included are materials related to the field of journalism as practiced in Arkansas and the United States. Some materials, including the Nuremberg documents, were originally collected by Walter Lemke.

Materials include paper documents, newspapers and clippings, periodicals, pamphlets, booklets, photographs, and posters. Finally, the collection includes three sets of film without reels, apparently produced during the Nuremberg trials. Besides the Nuremberg photographs, notable photographs include photographs of the Razorback football teams from 1902, 1934, 1936, and 1941 (see Box 3, Folder 55) as well as a photograph (Image 24) of Betty Grable leading a band in Hollywood.

Dates

  • Creation: 1902-2007

Creator

Language of Materials

Materials are in English.

Access Information

Please call (479) 575-8444 or email specoll@uark.edu at least two weeks in advance of your arrival to ensure availability of the materials.

Use Information

Patrons must use gloves when viewing Images 26 through 1900. Patrons are also cautioned that the bulk of these photographs have a musty odor.

No Interlibrary Loan.

Standard Federal Copyright Laws Apply (U.S. Title 17).

Biographical Note

Born on October 29, 1911 in Lewisville, Lafayette County, Arkansas, Ernest "Earnie" Cecil Deane was the son of Ernest Deane and Mabel Drew Deane. Attending public schools in Lewisville and Texarkana (Miller County), he graduated from the University of Arkansas in 1934, a journalism major. At the university he met and studied under the man who would become his mentor, Professor Walter Lemke, the founder of the university's Journalism Department. In 1935 he completed a master's degree in journalism at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois. The following year he married Lois Kemmerer of Magnolia (Columbia County); the couple had one daughter.

In the wake of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Deane enlisted in the United States Army in January 1942. His background in journalism led him to be assigned as a press officer, and during the war he worked for Lieutenant General Omar Bradley, General Dwight Eisenhower, and General George S. Patton. Rising to the rank of lieutenant colonel and decorated with such metals as the Bronze Star and the French Croix de Guerre, he was discharged from the Army in October 1946. In the period immediately after the war he served as press officer for the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal during the Nuremberg trials of Nazi war criminals.

Upon returning from Germany to the United States, Deane became editor and part owner of the Mexia (Texas) Daily News, working in that capacity from 1949 to 1955. Afterwards he worked for the Arkansas Gazette as editorial page editor and wrote a feature column, "The Arkansas Traveler." In the 1960s Deane left the Arkansas Gazette and returned to Fayetteville, serving in the University of Arkansas's Office of Information Services. From 1968 to 1976 he was an associate professor in the university's Journalism Department. He was also editor of the Washington County Historical Society's journal Flashback. In 1970 he began his "Ozarks Country" column, which was eventually carried by seventeen newspapers. He was the author of Ozarks Country (1975) and Arkansas Place Names (1986), and had his Arkansas Gazette newspaper column republished in the compilation, The Best of the Arkansas Traveler, 1956-1986 (1986). Honored by the Arkansas Press Association with their Outstanding Journalism Teacher Award in 1990, Deane died in Fayetteville on May 7, 1991.

Extent

9.25 Linear Feet (8 boxes)

Arrangement of the Papers

The collection is divided into three major groups. The first group is composed of various paper materials, with materials pertaining to Deane first, materials pertaining to Arkansas and other people second, materials related to Arkansas third, and materials pertaining to World War II, post-war Europe, American military forces, and NATO last.

The second large group of materials is comprised of photographs, with photographs of Deane first, photographs of Arkansas and the University of Arkansas second, photographs of the Nuremberg Trials third, and photographs of World War II, post-war Europe, American military forces, and NATO last.

The final group of materials consists of oversize materials divided first by size and then arranged alphabetically by title in each box.

Acquisition Information

The Ernie Deane Papers were donated to the Special Collections Department, University of Arkansas Libraries, in March 1992, by Ernie Deane of Fayetteville, Arkansas.

Processing Information

Processed by Todd E. Lewis; completed in October 2011.

Source

Title
Ernie Deane Papers
Status
Completed
Author
Todd E. Lewis
Date
October 2011
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
Finding aid is written in English.

Repository Details

Part of the Special Collections Department Repository

Contact:
University of Arkansas Libraries
365 N. McIlroy Avenue
Fayetteville AR 72701 United States
(479) 575-8444