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Joseph T. Robinson Research Materials

 Collection
Identifier: MC 1959

Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of research materials gathered by Dennis Rhodes, concerning the life of Joseph T. Robinson. Much of Rhodes'research concerns Robinson's work in foreign relations, his stance on Prohibition, and general newspaper and periodical clippings regarding Robinson's life and death. Many of the folders appear to contain original or copied correspondence of Senator Robinson, or his staff. Also included in the collection are: speeches, press releases, and newspaper and periodical clippings.

Dates

  • Creation: 1908-1943

Creator

Language of Materials

Materials are in English.

Access Information

Please call (479) 575-8444 or email specoll@uark.edu at least two weeks in advance of your arrival to ensure availability of the materials.

Use Information

No Use Restrictions Apply.

No Interlibrary Loan.

Standard Federal Copyright Laws Apply (U.S. Title 17).

Biographical Note

Joseph Taylor Robinson was born on August 26, 1872, in Lonoke County, Arkansas to James Madison Robinson and Matilda Jane Swaim. In his childhood, Robinson helped chop cotton and tended to his fathers apple orchard. During his teenage years and with fewer than forty-six months of formal education, Robinson made a reputation as a public speaker, winning contests in subjects such as politics and religion. At seventeen, he became licensed to teach first grade in county schools. After teaching for two years, Robinson enrolled at that University of Arkansas, Fayetteville. He attended college for one year until his fathers death in 1892, when he returned to Lonoke County, Arkansas where he studied law with Thomas C. Trimble. The year 1894 marked the beginning of Robinsons political career when he defeated the Populist candidate for state representative and became the youngest member of the General Assembly at the age of twenty-two. In 1902, he won a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives, a position he held for a decade. Robinson supported progressive legislation to reform government and big business and voted for the graduated income-tax and women suffrage amendments. In 1912, Robinson was elected Governor of Arkansas, but resigned on March 8, 1913 to take the recently deceased Jeff Daviss Senate seat. Robinson was reelected to four more Senate terms. In 1928, he was nominated for Vice President on the Democratic ticket with Al Smith of New York, but Herbert Hoover was elected President. After the 1932 election, with the Democrats in control of the federal government, Robinson became the Majority Leader of the Senate under Franklin Roosevelt. In 1933, he guided the Emergency Banking Act through the Senate and introduced and pushed for passage of the Civilian Conservation Corp, the Federal Emergency Relief Act, the Work Relief Act, the Home Owners Loan Act, and the Railroad Coordination Act. Robinson died of a heart attack on July 14, 1937, while working for Roosevelts court-packing proposal.

Extent

0.75 Linear Feet (2 boxes)

Arrangement of the Papers

Materials are arranged by topic.

Acquisition Information

The Joseph T. Robinson Research Materials were donated to Special Collections, University of Arkansas Libraries, in December of 2012 by Winnie M. Rhodes.

Processing Information

Processed by Cody W. Hackett; completed in June 2013.

Source

Title
Joseph T. Robinson Research Materials,1908-1943
Status
Completed
Author
Cody W. Hackett
Date
2013
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
Finding aid is written in English.

Repository Details

Part of the Special Collections Department Repository

Contact:
University of Arkansas Libraries
365 N. McIlroy Avenue
Fayetteville AR 72701 United States
(479) 575-8444