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Hattie Wyatt Caraway Papers

 Collection
Identifier: MS C176

  • Staff Only

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence, 1919-1950; photographs, c. 1884-1943; journal, 1931-1934; scrapbooks of clippings, 1927-1931 and 1934-1944; and other material pertaining to Thaddeus Horatius Caraway's political and other activities, 1927-1931, and Hattie Wyatt Caraway's political and other activities, 1931-1945, while serving as U.S. Senators from Arkansas (1920-1931 and 1931-1945, respectively); to T.H. Caraway's death, 1931; to H.W. Caraway's post-Senatorial career as U.S. civil servant, 1945-1950; and to personal and familial affairs of the Caraway family, c. 1884-1950.

Correspondents include Grace Coolidge, Harvey Crowley Couch, Charles Curtis, Robert Courtney Davis, James Aloysius Farley, Lewis Blaine Hershey, Mary Teresa Norton, Claude Denson Pepper, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and Harry S. Truman.

Dates

  • ca 1884-1950

Creator

Language of Materials

Materials are in English.

Access Information

Please call (479) 575-8444 or email specoll@uark.edu at least two weeks in advance of your arrival to ensure availability of the materials.

RESTRICTIONS: Series 3, Item 8; Service 8x only. For Series 4, use microfilm copy only.

Use Information

No Interlibrary Loan.

Standard Federal Copyright Laws Apply (U.S. Title 17).

Biographical Note

Hattie Wyatt Caraway (1878-1950), U. S. Senator from Arkansas 1931-1944, was the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate in her own right. She was born February 1, 1878, near Bakersville, Tennessee. At fourteen, she entered Dickson (Tennessee) Normal College, where she earned a B.A. degree in 1896 and also met Thaddeus Horatius Caraway, a fellow student several years older than she. The couple married in 1902 and had three sons, Paul Wyatt, Forrest, and Robert Easley. They settled in Arkansas where Thaddeus Caraway practiced law and entered first local and then state politics.

Thaddeus Caraway was elected to the United States Congress in 1912, and to the Senate in 1920. He was reelected in 1926 but died unexpectedly in 1931, and his widow was appointed in his place. In a special election early in 1932 she was elected to the office. Unexpectedly she decided to run for a full term in 1932, and supported by Huey Long of Louisiana, she conducted an intense campaign and won the Democratic nomination, tantamount to election.

In 1938 she won her second full term, and continued to support the Roosevelt economic program.. She lost her race for a third term in 1944, but remained in Washington in other Civil Service positions. Hattie Caraway died December 21, 1950.

Senator Caraway's journal from this collection was edited by Diane D. Blair and published under the title Silent Hattie Speaks: the Personal Journal of Senator Hattie Caraway, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1979.

Extent

1.5 Linear Feet (3 Boxes)

Arrangement of the Papers

Materials are arranged and describe in four series:
  1. Series 1. Correspondence
  2. Series 2. Photographs
  3. Series 3. Miscellaneous
  4. Series 4. Scrapbooks

Acquisition Information

The Hattie Wyatt Caraway Papers were donated to the University of Arkansas Libraries by Mrs. Betty Caraway Hill of Tucson, Arizona, in November 1973.

Processing Information

Processed by Bruce Parham
Title
Hattie Wyatt Caraway Papers
Status
Completed
Author
Bruce Parham
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
Finding aid is written in English.

Repository Details

Part of the Special Collections Department Repository

Contact:
University of Arkansas Libraries
365 N. McIlroy Avenue
Fayetteville AR 72701 United States
479-575-5577