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Arthur Brann Caldwell Papers

Identifier: MS C127 209 209A-F

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence, memoranda, addresses, reports, photographs, printed materials, and other records created, received, or collected by Caldwell. Most items are dated in the period 1950-1970,

Specific areas to which materials pertain include: University of Arkansas Glee Club, 1927-1928; Arkansas and national political affairs, ca. 1917-1974; Japanese-Americans in the U.S. armed forces and the U.S. War Relocation Authority relocation centers in World War II; civil rights legislation and civil rights violations, especially in Arkansas; the Little Rock, Arkansas school integration crisis of 1957; the Federal Bureau of Investigation, law enforcement, police administration reforms, and investigations of prison brutality in Arkansas and elsewhere; Caldwell's lectures and addresses to the U.S. State Department's Foreign Service Institute, Fulbright scholars orientation program, Agency for International Development, and various classes, seminars, conferences, and congresses at the Brookings Institution and at sundry colleges, universities, and other institutions.

Files 1-7 of Box 1, Series 1, pertain to creator's father, John Hamilton Caldwell.

Correspondents include: John W. Anderson, Leslie L. Biffle, Herbert Brownell, Jr., William Jennings Bryan, Bruce T. Bullion, John Hamilton Caldwell, Thaddeus Horatius Caraway, Joseph Dodd, James William Fulbright, William H. Hadley, Lawrence Brooks Hays, John Edgar Hoover, Archie F. House, Walter John Lemke, John Little McClellan, Warren Olney, III, Joseph Taylor Robinson, Theodore Roosevelt.

Topics of interest include:

1. Arkansas--Politics and government, 1917-1974.

2. Caldwell, John Hamilton, 1881-1959.

3. Civil Rights Arkansas.

4. Civil Rights--United States.

5. Concentration camps--U.S.

6. Faubus, Orval Eugene, 1910-

7. Japanese in the U.S.

8. Little Rock, Arkansas--Public schools.

9. Negroes--Little Rock, Arkansas

10. Prisons--Arkansas.

11. Prisons--U.S.

12. Ratterman, George William.

13. U.S. Dept. of Justice

14. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Bureau of Investigation.

15. U.S. War Relocation Authority.

Loc. 946-962


  • Creation: 1912-1975


Language of Materials

Materials are in English.

Access Information

Please call (479) 575-8444 or email at least two weeks in advance of your arrival to ensure availability of the materials.

Biographical Note

Arthur Brann Caldwell was born on September 1, 1906, in Mammoth Spring (Fulton County), the son of John Caldwell and Margaret Sterling Caldwell. Graduating from the University of Arkansas in 1929 with a Bachelor of Arts in law, he went to Washington, D.C., to work for Senator Joseph T. Robinson. In 1932 he became an administrative aide for Vice President John Garner. He also completed his legal education at George Washington University Law School, after which he joined the Department of Justice.

The Arkansas lawyer had a distinguished career. During World War II he served as the Chief of the Japanese Section of U.S. War Department's Military Intelligence Division. He also worked as an attorney for the U.S. Department of Justice (1941-1968); as Chief of the department's Civil Rights Section (1952-1957); and as assistant to the Assistant Attorney General, Civil Rights Division (1957-1968). He died on June 18, 1987.


8.5 Linear Feet (9 boxes)

Arrangement of the Papers

Materials are arranged in six series:

  1. Series 1. Biographical, Personal, Familial
  2. Series 2. Japanese-American Evacuation--World War II
  3. Series 3. U.S. Justice Department--Civil Rights
  4. Series 3. Subseries 1. Legislation
  5. Series 3. Subseries 2. Little Rock, 1957
  6. Series 3. Subseries 3. Prison Brutality
  7. Series 3. Subseries 4. Police Administration
  8. Series 4. International Education Courses Lectures
  9. Series 5. Photographs
  10. Series 6. Miscellaneous

Acquisition Information

The Arthur Brann Caldwell Papers were donated to the Special Collections Department by Mr. Caldwell of Chevy Chase, Maryland., in September 1974-October 1976.

Arthur Brann Caldwell Papers
Betty Austin
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Finding aid is written in English.

Repository Details

Part of the Special Collections Department Repository

University of Arkansas Libraries
365 N. McIlroy Avenue
Fayetteville AR 72701 United States
(479) 575-8444